Psychotherapy is one of a wide
range of therapies used to ease psychological suffering. These can
generally be divided into psychotherapy and counselling. Psychotherapists
undergo rigorous training with a recognised organisation which is
usually affiliated with a particular "school". These schools
are related to the particular methodology and techniques of their
founders. These include: Freudian analysis, Jungian analytical psychotherapy,
psychodynamic psychotherapy, humanistic approaches, cognitive-analytical
therapy, psychosynthesis and gestalt, amongst others.
Psychotherapy generally involves
encouraging clients to talk about their experiences and express
emotions that have been repressed. Trained practitioners are able
to identify the importance of not only what clients say, but of
what they do not say, and to suggest links between present behaviour
and past events. In time, most clients are able to assimilate past
events and feelings, and so move on psychologically and emotionally.